People often get confused about vinyl and linoleum flooring, and it's easy to understand why. They canlook very similar and, over the years, linoleum has become a generic term for both types of flooring.
- When vinyl became popular, people were more familiar with the term linoleum so it came to be loosely - though incorrectly -- applied to both.
- If you search for linoleum at Lowe's or Home Depot's website, it will lead you to vinyl.
Linoleum is the older material, invented as flooring in 1860, and even before vinyl came into thepicture (in the post-WWII period), there was confusion over the name.
Frederick Walton, linoleum's inventor,neglected to trademark it (don't you hate when you do that?), so it became the accepted name for allflooring made primarily from linseed oil and flax seeds combined with other natural materials like rosin.
(The name linoleum is a combination of two Latin words: linum, which means flax, and oleum, whichmeans oil. Thank you Wikipedia.)
Vinyl flooring, on the other hand, is made of PVC (polyvinylchloride), which is derived from petroleum.
Aside from its problematic source, the main environmental issue is that it offgasses dioxin, a carcinogen,during its production (allegedly) and end of life, particularly if burned.
(If you want to be entertainedwhile learning about this, I recommend the documentary Blue Vinyl. It may be the closest thing to anenvironmental docucomedy.)
Linoleum vs Vinyl
There are a number of practical differences between linoleum and vinyl.
- Linoleum tends to bea bit more expensive, but lasts longer, in part because it is a solid material with the color and patterngoing all the way through the tile.
- Vinyl tiles have a printed layer on top.
Additionally, linoleum is biodegradable; vinyl is not.
If the flooring you are replacing is indeed linoleum, or if you want to switch it to linoleum, it looks likeyou can't get it at Home Depot or Lowes.
- Armstong Marmorette does turn up on Menard's website butit's in roll rather than tile form (and called both linoleum and vinyl . . . ).
- Linoleum tiles are pretty widelyavailable, just not generally in the big box stores.
Marmoleum, by the way is the brand name for one line of linoleum, manufactured by Forbo. Marmorette (an intentionally, I assume, similar name) is made by Armstrong Flooring and Harmonium is made by Johnsonite Flooring.
It's unfortunate that this has come to be a problemwith many contractors. If they can't get it at their usual source (um, where did they go before therewere Home Depot's?), then they say it is "unavailable."
- When doing a green renovation recently with anon-green contractor, I wanted him to use recycled cotton insulation.
- But he balked at getting anythingthat wasn't available at Lowes.
- After much back and forth under a deadline, I very reluctantly settled fornon-formaldehyde fiberglass insulation and, as you can probably tell, am still kinda P.O.'d about it.
Thatinsulation - and your linoleum or vinyl - is going to be there a long time, so it's worth the effort.
For more information:
Read "Can you give me information on Naturcor vinyl sheet flooring?" a Q&A answered by Molly McCabe.